Topic: My Working Day
|working day||рабочий денек|
|meal||пища; принятие еды|
|to have a meal||есть, поесть|
|to leave (left)||1) уходить, уезжать; отчаливать 2) оставлять|
|event||случай, событие, происшествие|
|to stay||1) оставаться 2) останавливаться, жить, гостить где-либо|
|to watch||следить, смотреть (за кем/чем-л.)|
|to watch TV (television Text A. An Englishman's Diary)||глядеть телек|
|Watch the step! (coll)||Осторожно, ступень!|
|to sit down to breakfast (work,||садиться, приниматься за завтрак|
|chess, one's lessons, etc)||(работу, шахматы, уроки и т.п.)|
|to look through a newspaper (book, letter, documents, etc)||просматривать газету (книжку, письмо, документы и т.п.)|
|to be fond Text A. An Englishman's Diary of smb/smth (doing smth)||обожать кого-н./что-н.|
|to do the/one's gardening (shopping, cooking, etc)||заниматься садом (делать покупки, заниматься кулинарией и т.п.)|
|to be off (home, to bed, to work, etc)||отчаливать (домой, спать, на работу и т.п.)|
|to have a lot of things Text A. An Englishman's Diary to do||иметь сильно много дел|
|to do (did, done)||делать, заниматься (чем-н.), делать|
|to do one's (homework, lessons, translation, task, exercises||делать (домашнее) задание, делать уроки, перевод, задание, упражнения|
|to do one's morning exercises||делать зарядку|
|to make (мейд)||делать, создавать, приготавливать|
|to make Text A. An Englishman's Diary a report||делать доклад|
|to make mistakes||делать ошибки|
|to make breakfast (tea, coffee, some salad, etc)||приготовить завтрак (заварить чай, кофе, приготовить салат и т.п.)|
|usually; as usual||обычно; как обычно|
|hardly ever||практически никогда|
|hardly||навряд ли, чуть ли|
|ever||когда Text A. An Englishman's Diary-либо|
|to prefer (coffee to tea)||предпочитать (кофе чаю)|
|to clean||чистить, очищать|
|to clean up||убирать, прибирать, наводить порядок|
|to comb one's hair||причесываться|
|to get (got)||1) получать; 2) доставать|
|to get up||вставать, подниматься|
|have got (coll.) - have||иметь|
|yet; but still||ещё; но Text A. An Englishman's Diary всё ещё|
|to take smb. some time to do smth.||отнять (востребовать) у кого-нибудь какое-то количество времени на чего-нибудть|
|to walk, to go on foot||ходить, идти (пешком)|
|to go for a walk||идти гулять|
|to take smb. out (for a walk)||повести кого Text A. An Englishman's Diary-л. на прогулку|
|right||сходу, как раз, прямо|
|right away||на данный момент же|
|class||урок, занятие (в учебном заведении)|
|far (a long way) from||далековато от|
|near||близко от, рядом с, неподалеку от|
|a week-end||конец недели, время отдыха с субботы до пн Text A. An Englishman's Diary.|
|at last (finally)||наконец|
|to receive (to get)||1) получать; 2) принимать (гостей, друзей и т.д.)|
|an article||1) статья; 2) артикль (грам.)|
|to dress (to get dressed)||одеваться|
|to arrive (in/at)||прибывать, приезжать|
|to work hard at smth.||усердно (упрямо Text A. An Englishman's Diary, напористо) работать над чем-либо|
|to leave (left)||покидать, оставлять, уходить, уезжать|
|to return (to give back)||возвращать, возвратить|
|to return (to come/get back)||ворачиваться|
|How long...?||Как длительно... ? Сколько времени... ?|
|What time...?||Когда..., Во сколько..., В каком часу...?|
|to stop smth. (doing smth)||кончать, прекращать что Text A. An Englishman's Diary-л. (делать что-л.)|
|as a rule||обычно|
|to have dinner/to dine (supper, breakfast, lunch)||обедать (ужинать, завтракать)|
|to eat (ate, eaten)||есть (есть)|
|to go to bed||ложиться спать|
|to be late for...||опаздывать куда-либо|
|to be asleep Ant. to be awake Text A. An Englishman's Diary||спать|
|to turn on (off) the light (gas, water, electricity, TV-set, radio, tape-recorder, lamp, etc.) Syn. switch on||включать (выключать) свет (газ, воду, электричество, телек, радио, магнитофон, лампу и т.д.)|
|to have a wash||умываться|
|to wash one's hair||мыть голову Text A. An Englishman's Diary|
|to wash clothes (linen)||стирать одежку (бельё)|
|to wash up||мыть посуду|
|to dry (oneself) on (with) a towel||вытирать(ся) полотенцем|
|to brush one's clothes (shoes, teeth)||чистить (щёткой) одежку (башмаки, зубы)|
|to put smth. on||надевать что-либо|
|to take smth. off||снимать что-либо Text A. An Englishman's Diary|
|to be over||кончиться|
|to be through with smth.||окончить что-либо|
|to be sure of smth.||быть уверенным в чем-либо|
|to have a look at smth.||посмотреть на что-либо|
|spare time||свободное время|
|to be short of time, to be pressed for time||иметь сильно мало Text A. An Englishman's Diary времени|
|on the way home||по пути домой|
Some Good Rules
1. Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.
2. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
3. After dinner sit a while, after supper walk a mile.
4. Lost time is Text A. An Englishman's Diary never found again.
5. An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening.
6. The early bird catches the worm.
Text A. An Englishman's Diary
(after Stephanie Andrews)
An Englishman's day - and who can describe it better than an Englishman's wife? It begins when he sits down Text A. An Englishman's Diary to breakfast with his morning newspaper.
As he looks through the headlines there is nothing he likes better than his favourite breakfast of cornflakes with milk and sugar (porridge if he lives in the North), fried bacon and eggs, marmalade on toast and tea (with milk, of course) or coffee Text A. An Englishman's Diary.
He in fact gets such a meal if there is enough money in the family to buy it. After breakfast, except on Saturdays and Sundays which are holidays, he goes to work by train, tube, bus, car, motor scooter, motor bike or walks there. He leaves home at 7:30.
At offices Text A. An Englishman's Diary or factories there is a tea or coffee break at eleven. Then at mid-day everything stops for lunch. Most offices and shops close for an hour from one to two. Englishmen are fond of good plain food, and they usually want to know what they eat. They Text A. An Englishman's Diary like beefsteaks, chops, roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, fried fish and chipped potatoes.
There are usually two courses in the mid-day meal - a meat course with a lot of vegetables, a sweet dish, perhaps fruit pudding and custard with tea or coffee to finish.
Then back to work again Text A. An Englishman's Diary with another break in the middle of the afternoon, once again for tea or coffee, sometimes with a cake or biscuit.
The working day finishes at any time between four and six. When an Englishman gets home he likes to inspect his garden before the evening meal: tea, high tea Text A. An Englishman's Diary, dinner or supper. When his evening meal is over, the Englishman may do a little gardening and then have a walk to the "local" (the nearest beerhouse) for a "quick one" (a drink, alcoholic, of course!). There are a lot of people at the "local" and he can Text A. An Englishman's Diary play darts, dominoes, billiards or discuss the weather, the local events or the current situation. But if the Englishman stays at home, he may listen to the radio, watch television, talk or read.
Then at any time between 10 and 12 he has his "nightcap" -- a drink with a Text A. An Englishman's Diary snack - and then off to bed ready for tomorrow.
Text B. A Student's Day
Paul: What time do you get up on week days?
Bob: I generally get up at seven o'clock.
Paul: Why so early?
Bob: Because I have a lot of things to do before I Text A. An Englishman's Diary leave for the University.
Paul: Do you do your morning exercises regularly?
Bob: Yes, that's what I begin with as a rule. Then comes the usual procedure of
making my bed, washing and so on.
Paul: Do you take a bath every morning?
Bob: No, I don't. As a Text A. An Englishman's Diary matter of fact, I hardly ever take a bath in the morning. I
prefer taking a shower. Then I clean my teeth, comb my hair and get dressed.
Paul: Who makes your breakfast for you?
Bob: If my mother is not up yet I make my breakfast myself. If my Text A. An Englishman's Diary mother is up, she does. After breakfast I usually help Mother to clean up.
Paul: Good for you! That's what I call a model young man. And when do you leave home?
Bob: Generally at half past eight, as it takes me about twenty minutes to get to the
University Text A. An Englishman's Diary.
Paul: Do you walk to the University or do you take a trolley-bus?
Bob: I always take a trolley-bus in the morning. But after classes I sometimes walk
Paul: You go home right after classes, don't you?
Bob: Sometimes I do, and sometimes I Text A. An Englishman's Diary don't. If I can prepare for the next day's
classes at home, I go straight home. If I haven't got the necessary books and
journals at home, I go to the library.
1. a) answer the following questions:
Text A: l. How does an Englishman's day begin? 2.What is Text A. An Englishman's Diary his favourite breakfast? 3.When does he in fact get such a breakfast? 4.When does he leave home in the morning? 5.How does he get to his place of work? 6.How many breaks does he have during the working day? What are they for? 7.What does an Englishman usually have for his Text A. An Englishman's Diary mid-day meal? 8.What food are the English fond of? 9.At what time does an Englishman finish work? 10.What does he like to do when he comes home from /. work? 11 .What sort of meal does he get in the evening? 12. What does an Englishman usually do in the Text A. An Englishman's Diary evening? 13.What is a "local"? Why do people like to go there? 14.How does an Englishman's day end?
Text B: l. When does Bob usually get up on weekdays? 2.Why does he get up so early? 3.What does he do after he gets up? 4.Bob takes a Text A. An Englishman's Diary bath every morning, doesn't he? 5.Who makes breakfast for him? 6.Does Bob help his mother to clean up after breakfast? 7. (At) what time does he leave home? 8.How long does it take him to get to the University? 9.Does he walk to the University or does he Text A. An Englishman's Diary take a trolley-bus?/ 10.He goes home right after classes, doesn't he?
b) pick out words and phrases from Text A, and group them under the following headings:
1. Meals. 2. Dishes. 3. Games. 4. Pastimes.
c) find the English for:
Text А: утренняя газета; просматривать газетные заглавия; не считая суббот" и воскресенья Text A. An Englishman's Diary; ехать на работу; идти пешком; во 2-ой половине денька; кое-где, меж 4-мя и шестью; рабочий денек; гласить о погоде; дискуссировать текущие действия.
Text В: вставать в семь часов утра; иметь много дел; делать зарядку; обычно; заправлять кровать; принимать ванну (душ); чистить зубы; причесываться; сходу после занятий; идти прямо Text A. An Englishman's Diary домой.
2. Read the dialogue:
- Hello, Pat. You didn4 phone me yesterday.
- No, I didn't. I was very tired last night. -Why?
- I had such a busy day.
- Did you? What did you do?
- I woke up at 6 and went to the station to meet my mother-in Text A. An Englishman's Diary-law.
- Why didn't your husband do that?
- He went to Paris on business.
- I see.
- Then we had breakfast. I left her at home and went to my office. I was 15 minutes late because I was in a hurry and a policeman stopped me. So it took me an Text A. An Englishman's Diary hour to get to my work.
- Oh, my! I hope you didn't have much work at the office.
- Yes, I did. We had a long meeting in the morning, then I had a lot of visitors, and at the end of the working day I wrote some business letters Text A. An Englishman's Diary.
- Did your daughter cook dinner for you?
- No, she didn't. She was busy at the University and came home very late.
- Poor thing! I hope you are not so busy tomorrow.
3. Match the following proverbs and their meanings:
|1. Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy Text A. An Englishman's Diary, wealthy and wise.||a) The person who gets up early to work will be successful.|
|2. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.||b) To take a stroll is the best thing to do after having a meal.|
|3. After dinner sit a while, after supper Text A. An Englishman's Diary walk a mile.||c) Carry out a task or duty as soon as you can, preferably today. If you leave it till tomorrow, it may never be done.|
|4. Lost time is never found again.||d) Early rising makes a man sound in a body and mind, and rich.|
|5. An Text A. An Englishman's Diary hour in the morning is worth two in the evening.||e) The person who gets up early to work will be more successful than the one who gets up late and works late in the evening.|
|6. The early bird catches the worm.||f) Do everything in time.|
4. Fill in the correct prepositions Text A. An Englishman's Diary in the passage.
Every weekday morning in Dick's life is the same. He wakes up ... 7 o'clock, gets ... bed, gets dressed and goes downstairs. He sits down at the table ... his breakfast and reads his newspaper. Then he leaves the house, walks down the road to the Text A. An Englishman's Diary bus stop, and goes ... work ... bus. ... the bus, he always sits in the same seat,... the back. He gets off the bus outside his office and arrives ... work just as the clock strikes 9 o'clock. He never changes-he's been doing this ... years.